|Overwintered Egyptian walking onions in a pot|
Saturday, February 3, 2018
Green things start popping up in the garden in February. The first up are the perennial edibles like cultivated dandelions, sorrel, arugula, and chives. Overwintering carrots, onions, kale, and corn salad are early greenery in the garden. February is the month to get the garden ready for the spring planting frenzy.
You can get a jump on the garden by starting seeds indoors. It is easy and a budget friendly option that allows you to grow many varieties not available at your neighborhood nursery or big box store. Besides, it is nice to have green things growing again!
10-12 weeks prior (end Jan/beginning of Feb in our Zone 7 garden)
8-10 weeks prior (mid-February in our Zone 7 garden)
For a full seed starting calendar, Indoor Seed Starting Calendar
What are the tricks to successful seed starting? The most surefire I have found with a gadget is the Aerogarden with the seed starting tray. I have almost 100% germination rate with it.
The key is using sterile seed starting mix, pots and containers. You can make your own seed starting mix with peat moss or coir (renewable), compost, and vermiculite. Just be sure to heat the compost to at least 150 degrees to kill any pathogens before using to start seeds.
Place the seeds in the starter mix in the pots and wet thoroughly from the bottom (watering from the top can dislodge seeds). After fully saturated, they are ready to put in a catch pan. Make sure any catch pan that you use has been thoroughly washed in a bleach solution so all pathogens are killed. The one I just bought has a water reservoir in the bottom of it that wicks the moisture up under the seedlings.
I put my seed starts in a plastic tray with a clear plastic lid in a sunny window that I have had for years that you can buy at any big box store. Keep moist, but not wet, and with the clear cover on until seedling emerges. Once seedling emerges, remove the clear lid.
Make sure you label your seedlings as soon as you plant them; you may think you will remember 2 months from now what was where, but likely not. Now is also a great time to start keeping a journal. Start tracking what you planted when so you can review next year what worked well to repeat and what didn’t work so well to tweak.
Your seedling’s first leaves are not “true” leaves; think of them as baby teeth. The second sets of leaves are their true leaves. They are ready to be hardened off when they have their first set of true leaves. Seedlings must be hardened and not just thrown outside. You take them out a little at a time, gradually increasing their exposure to sun and cold, only during the daytime. I try and plant when there is a warm spell forecasted to minimize the shock.
There are great selections of herbs and veggies at nurseries and big box stores nowadays so you have great options just waiting until spring is officially here and picking up what looks good at your nearby store in a couple of months. This is also a great back up if your first seed starting adventure goes a little awry...........
Before you start planting, it is a good idea to do a soil test to see what nutrients your garden needs. The next step in garden production and your nutrit... If you are putting in new garden beds, here are some tips Put in a new garden bed the easy way-really If you don't want to go to the trouble of a soil test, add a well balanced, organic fertilizer and cover with compost. I like gardening in our flower beds. I fertilize, add a layer of compost before mulching. This keeps the nutrition where the plants can get to it easier. Weed free, self fertilizing, till free garden beds
Asparagus, fruit trees and bushes, garlic, grapes, shallots, spinach and peas seeds can be planted in the garden as soon as the soil can be worked. Outdoor seed sowing seed starting times If gardening in mulched flower beds, I put a small slit in the mulch and then sow the seeds. The seedlings are not quite strong enough to break through the mulch.
I am still trying to decide what to plant in the garden this year. I did capture at the end of the gardening season what I wanted to plant. Reflecting back on the 2017 edible garden I've gotten some new seeds so will modify the plan adding the new varieties that catch my eye. Here is what I definitely have in my garden every year: herbs, chives, lettuce, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, eggplant, squash, green beans, and snap peas.
For different garden ideas, here are a few to choose from: Heirloom Sicilian kitchen garden, Small space French kitchen garden, Start a kitchen herb garden! Children's edible garden