March 25, 2017
During the World Wars, the US government encouraged back yard and community gardens so farmers could directly support the war. I recently bought a Farmers's Bulletin Form 1044 from the United States Department of Agriculture called "The City Home Garden" published in 1919.
I find it interesting to see what was grown in gardens 100 years or more ago. The veggies types are very similar to what we find in gardens today. A few of the varieties are common; many I have never heard of.
Bean (Lima and snap)-Stringless Green-Pod, Currie's Rustproof Wax, Refugee Wax, Kentucky Wonder, colored dry beans
Beets-Crosby's Egyptian, Blood Turnip
Early Cabbage-Jersey Wakefield, Charleston Wakefield
Late Cabbage-Late Flat Dutch, Danish Baldhead, Copenhagen
Cantaloupes or Muskmelons-Rocky Ford, Tiptop, Hoodoo, Ohio Sugar
Carrot-Oxheart, Danvers Half-Long
Celery-White Plume, Golden Self-Blanching, Boston Market
Lettuce-Grand Rapids, Big Boston, Iceberg, California Cream Butter
Okra-White Velvet, Dwarf Green Prolific, Perkins Mammoth, Long-Podded, Lady Finger
Onion-from seed Yellow Globe, Yellow Danvers, Red Wethersfield, Silverskin, Crystal Wax, Red Bermuda
Parsnip-Hollow Crown, Guernsey
Peas/English Peas (smooth and wrinkled)-Extra Early Alaska, Gradus, Thomas Laxton, Champion of England, Telephone
Peppers (sweet or mango)-Ruby King, Chinese Giant, Pimento
Potatoes (Irish and sweet)
Radish-Scarlet Globe White-Tipped, French Breakfast, Icicle, Philadelphia White Box, Early Yellow Turnip
Squashes-Summer (Crookneck, Pattypan) and Winter (Hubbard, Boston Marrow)
Sweet Corn-Golden Bantam, Country Gentleman, Stowell's Evergreen, Mammoth Evergreen, Ohio Sugar
Sweet Potato-Porto Rico, Nancy Hall, Southern Queen, Big-Stem Jersey
Tomato-Bonnie Best, Early Jewel, Acme, Globe, Detroit, Improved Stone, Trophy
Watermelons-Kleckley Sweets, Florida Favorite, Tom Watson
Putting up for the winter was also encouraged. There were many pamphlets also written to share with citizens on how to can and other preservation methods.